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Genus Bebearia: There are 16 species of the genus Bebearia so far recorded from Semuliki. These contribute to over 10% of the species fruit-feeding assemblage total and 75% of Uganda's Bebearia species total (Davenport, 2001). Three species of Bebearia: laetitioides, brunhilda and cocalia are the most common species sampled in the traps, although cocalia is site- specific and depends on the presence of its palm host plant. In contrast mandinga and plistonax were rarely sampled. Bebearia chloeropsis (never sampled and not included in the species checklist of Forbes, 2018) has been recorded as being present in Semuliki (described as being sampled in the Bwamba Valley, now Semliki Valley). It has however been recorded from the Ituri Forest (Ducarme, 2018) and North Kivu region.

 

The following museum images are taken from The Royal Museum of Central Africa, Tervuren in Belgium and portray the male (left column) and female, both upper and underside, for each of the species recorded at Semuliki (B. chloeropsis excepted).

The Metamorphosis publication 'The Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidia) of Semuliki National Park, western Uganda', Forbes (2018) lists the Bebearia cocalia subspecies as badiana - this should also include the subspecies katera

Bebearia abesa.jpeg

Bebearia abesa

Bebearia  brunhilda.jpeg

Bebearia brunhilda

Bebearia flaminia.jpeg

Bebearia flaminia 

Bebearia oxione.jpeg

Bebearia oxione

Bebearia sophus.jpeg

Bebearia sophus

Bebearia absolon.jpg

Bebearia absolon

Bebearia  carshena.jpeg

Bebearia carshena

Bebearia  laetitiodes.jpeg

Bebearia laetitioides

Bebearia partita.jpeg

Bebearia partita

Bebearia  seeldrayersi.jpg

Bebearia seeldrayersi

Bebearia  barce.jpg

Bebearia barce

Bebearia cocalia.jpeg

Bebearia cocalia 

Bebearia  mandinga.jpeg

Bebearia mandinga

Bebearia  plistonax.jpeg

Bebearia plistonax  

Bebearia  zonara.jpeg

Bebearia zonara

Bebearia chloeropsis (waiting on museum image)

Field Images: There are field images for all but two of the recorded species: B plistonax and B. chloeropsis. However, B. plistonax was trapped by Justice in the traps he laid around the Bumaga campsite. An easily identifiable species, he didn't have his camera with him. B. chloeropsis has never been trapped or observed.

Bebearia abesa.jpeg
Bebearia abesa.jpeg
Bebearia abesa.jpeg
Bebearia abesa.jpeg

Bebearia abesa (male, upper and underside)

Bebearia abesa (female, upper and underside)

Beberia absolon.jpeg
Beberia absolon.jpeg

Bebearia absolon (male, upper and underside)

Beberia absolon.jpeg
Beberia absolon.jpeg

Bebearia absolon (female, upper and underside)

Bebearia barce.jpeg
Bebearia barce.jpeg
Bebearia barce.jpeg

Bebearia barce (male, upper and underside)

Bebearia barce (female, upperside)

Bebearia barce.jpeg

Bebearia barce (female, underside)

Bebearia brunhilda.jpeg
Bebearia brunhilda.jpeg

Bebearia brunhilda (male, upper and underside)

Bebearia brunhilda.jpeg

Bebearia brunhilda (female, upperside)

Bebearia brunhilda.jpeg

Bebearia brunhilda (female, underside)

Bebearia carshena.jpeg
Bebearia carshena.jpeg

Bebearia carshena (male, upper and underside)

Bebearia carshena.jpeg

Bebearia carshena (female, upperside)

Bebearia carshena.jpeg

Bebearia carshena (female, underside)

Bebearia cocalia.jpeg
Bebearia cocalia.jpeg
Bebearia cocalia.jpeg

Bebearia cocalia ssp. katera (male, upper and underside)

Bebearia cocalia ssp. badiana (male upperside,  narrow subapical band)

Bebearia cocalia.jpeg

Bebearia cocalia (male upperside,  dark form)

Bebearia cocalia.jpeg

Bebearia cocalia ssp. continentalis (female, upperside)

Bebearia cocalia.jpeg
Bebearia cocalia.jpeg

Bebearia cocalia ssp. katera (female, upper and underside)

Beberia cocalia.jpeg
Bebearia cocalia.jpeg

Bebearia cocalia ssp. continentalis (female, underside)

Bebearia cocalia ssp. badiana (female, upperside)

Bebearia flaminia.jpeg
Bebearia flaminia.jpeg

Bebearia flaminia (male, upper and underside )

Bebearia flaminia.jpeg

Bebearia flaminia (female, upperside)

Bebearia flaminia.jpeg

Bebearia flaminia (female, underside)

Bebearia laetitiodes.jpeg
Bebearia laetitiodes.jpeg
Bebearia laetitiodes.jpeg

Bebearia laetitioides (male, upper and underside)

Bebearia laetitioides (female, upperside)

Bebearia laetitioides (female underside, unusual white sub-apical band detail)

Bebearia laetitioides.jpeg
Bebearia laetitioides.jpeg

Bebearia laetitioides (female, upper and underside - usual greenish hue)

Bebearia mandinga (male, upper and underside)

Bebearia mandinga (female, upper and underside)

Bebearia laetitioides.JPG
Bebearia laetitioides.JPG

Bebearia laetitioides (female example 3, upper and underside - usual greenish hue)

Bebearia mandinga.jpeg
Bebearia mandinga.jpeg
Bebearia mandinga.jpeg
Bebearia manding.jpeg
Bebearia oxione.jpeg
Bebearia oxione.jpeg

Bebearia oxione (male, upper and underside)

Bebearia oxione.jpeg

Bebearia oxione (female, upperside)

Bebearia oxione.jpeg

Bebearia oxione (female, underside)

Bebearia partita.jpeg
Bebearia partita.jpeg

Bebearia partita (male, upper and underside)

Bebearia partita.jpeg

Bebearia partita (female, upperside)

Bebearia partita.jpeg

Bebearia partita (female, underside)

Bebearia sophus.jpeg
Bebearia sophus.jpeg

Bebearia sophus (male, upper and underside)

Bebearia sophus.jpeg

Bebearia sophus (female, underside)

Bebearia sophus.jpeg

Bebearia sophus (female upperside,
with yellow sub-apical band)

Bebearia sophus.jpeg

Bebearia sophus (female, upperside)

Bebearia seeldrayersi (male, upper and underside)

Bebearia seeldrayersi (female, upper and underside)

Bebearia seeldrayersi.jpeg
Bebearia seeldrayersi.jpeg
Bebearia seeldrayersi.jpeg
Bebearia seeldrayersi.jpeg
Bebearia zonara.jpeg
Bebearia zonara.jpeg
Bebearia zonara.jpeg

Bebearia zonara (male, upper and underside)

Bebearia zonara (female, upperside)

Bebearia zonara.jpeg

Bebearia plistonax (waiting on field image)

Bebearia chloeropsis (waiting on field image)

Bebearia zonara (female, underside)

Specific genus site links, references and bibliography:

The publication listed below (Butterflies of the World) is available from www.insecta.de and www.goeckeevers.de.

Hecq, J., (2000). Bebearia, Nymphalidae IV (part IX)  and Supplement 3. Butterflies of the World. Bauer, E. & Frankenbach, T. eds. Goecke and Evers, Keltern, Germany.

Holmes, C.W.N., (2001). A reappraisal of the Bebearia mardania complex (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae). Tropical Zoology, 14(1).

Nymphalidae.Net provides a detailed taxonomic overview of the Tribe Adoliadini. Tribe Adoliadini (Wahlberg, N).

Savela, M. Bebearia Hemming,[1960]. Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Excellent online resource.

Williams, M.C., (2018). Genus BebeariaA section of Afrotropical Butterflies (17th Edition). Publication is available from Lepidopterists' Society of Africa website https://www.lepsocafrica.org/?p=publications&s=atb.

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